The Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences was established in 1962-1963. Since there were no faculty members in the initial stage, Astronomy courses were taught by the faculty members from Ankara and Istanbul Universities.
Assoc. Dr. Abdullah Kızılırmak and As. Dr. Rümeysa Kızılırmak who were academic staffs in Ankara University, Faculty of Science taught courses as a guest lecturer between 4 - 31 October 1962, and Assoc. Prof. Muammer Dizer from Istanbul Kandilli Observatory taught courses as a guest lecturer between 3 - 27 December 1972. Furthermore, Dr. Flecktenstein worked at the astronomy chair as a foreign expert between October 15, 1962 and January 11, 1963. The Astronomy Department has become an independent department on 8 January 1963. In the same year, Sezai Hazer (19 February 1963), M. Ünal Akyol (28 February 1963), Şükrü Bozkurt (September 23, 1963), İlhami Yavuz (26 September 1963) started working as an academic staff. Due to the lack of academic staff, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Adnan Kıral and Assoc. Metin Hotinli worked as a guest lecturer between 1963 - 1964.
Then Prof. Dr. Hans Kienle, started working on the astronomy chair on November 1, 1965. Since then Prof. Dr. Kienle has carried out his productive teaching and research activities in our department and observatory. American Prof. Dr. T. L. Swihart,(1969-1970) and Prof. Dr. R. H. Wilson (1971-1972 and 1972-1973) was a contracted lecturer in different academic years.
Since its establishment, the Department of Astronomy and Space Science has been carrying out scientific activities at national and international level, educating astronomers who can carry out their scientific researches, and responding to the public's interest in astronomy.
In addition to Department of Astronomy, E.U. Observatory Application and Research Center was established in 1965. In this center, both students have been training and scientific researches have been carried out. The scientific studies of the academic staff carried out in this center are published in international journals. The academic staff also works closely with the other centers in Europe and America.